Roswell Revealed

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is there any man-made explanation the USAF can come up with to explain the Roswell object of early July 1947?

Good luck if the USAF can.

After revealing in the SUNRISE book the minimum amount of technical details required to understand titanium and titanium-based shape-memory alloys together with a detailed look at the history of titanium and shape-memory alloys, with special emphasis on what the U.S. military knew up to and beyond the 1947 crash, it reveals much of this knowledge came after 1958. More importantly, any scientific knowledge about titanium-based shape-memory alloys was certainly not known to anyone — both in the scientific fraternity and military circles — by July 1947. Sure, a couple of weak pseudoelastic alloys were discovered in the 1930s. Yet they did not interest the scientific community to study this class of alloys until the invention of NiTi in 1958. That's more than eleven years after the Roswell crash. Not even the USAF expressed any interest in the alloys by July 1947, and for good reason too: the alloys were not strong enough for engineering purposes to construct a large high-speed flying object. And without the technology to make highly pure titanium alloys, it is highly unlikely the USAF could have known about a titanium-based shape-memory alloy, or any kind of shape-memory alloy through established knowledge that could have helped the USAF at the time to predict a new shape-memory alloy in the titanium family by 1947.

Thus we are sure the official photos from General Ramey's office are not the original Roswell foil. It is too crinkly and bright silvery in colour. The shape-memory alloy has to be dark-grey in colour and smooth while the shape-memory effect activated at room temperature. The people who worked on Project Mogul did not mention shape-memory alloys in the manufacture of their weather balloons. If by some miraculous chance the USAF had worked on this type of alloy, for some reason it decided to go back to titanium after 1950 to build the first titanium jet aircraft. This was not a shape-memory titanium alloy. Whatever the USAF had manufactured by July 1947 would not be repeated. Instead a plain an ordinary titanium skin would be used for the fighter jet. So definitely no need for extremely high purity to reveal any special kind of property. Nice and easy for the USAF. Yet it suddenly chose to stop all work into a highly pure titanium-based shape-memory alloy after July 1947 on what we must presume was a secret military experiment on a new type of flying object all because of a silly lightning strike. How odd? Why use such an expensive and tough shape-retaining alloy on a slow-moving weather balloon? Clearly the alloy must have been used in a high-speed object. That is the only reason to go to this trouble to make a large quantity of a tough shape-memory alloy. Yet this high-speed object was immediately abandoned not because the alloy failed miserably during the experiment, or the fact that it could not fly. Far from it. The object flew well and the alloy worked exactly as it was intended — to retain the original shape of the object. Rather it was because of a humble lightning strike that brought down the object and possibly with pilots and crew onboard. Big deal? Ordinary civilian aircraft have been brought down by lightning strikes in the past. Today, there are solutions available to the problem. So why stop the military project all of a sudden?

And why would a lightning strike bring down the object anyway? What is so special about the object itself that had attracted the lightning so easily and repeatedly according to the testimony of the rancher who heard the odd explosion?

Whatever the USAF does at this point in time to explain what this Roswell object was from a man-made perspective, it will have to go against a number of critical pieces of scientific evidence as well as change fundamentally the historical situation as we see it. Why? Because the essential problem for the USAF is that the technology to manufacture an extremely pure titanium-based shape-memory alloy was not available to anyone prior to July 1947 or in 1948, and certainly not in sufficient quantities to explain the amount of wreckage found (in fact, it wasn't until 1952-53 that sufficient titanium was available to build the world's first titanium aircraft for the USAF). Neither the scientific community via the Battelle Memorial Institute or elsewhere in the world, nor the USAF (no matter how secret the work may have been) could have had the knowledge of the materials to build a large high-speed object given the large quantities of the shape-memory alloy that was found for the skin of this object and of the purity needed for the witnesses to have observed the shape-memory effect. It is just not possible. Furthermore, General Exon made it clear that he believed the Roswell foil contained titanium and one other element. A foil that returned to its original shape made of an alloy of two elements, of which one has to be titanium in substantial quantities? Sounds very much like we are dealing with NiTi. But if not, the USAF certainly has a lot of explaining to do.

Also, the quantities of a pure man-made titanium-based shape-memory alloy by July 1947 was virtually non-existent. We know this because a man named Dr John P. Nielsen had to emerge from the USAF and became the full professor of the material science division at New York University in "the summer of 1947". This is because he (and by implications the USAF) learned how the university had just obtained new equipment for creating the necessary pure alloys (only in small samples), including those containing titanium. The equipment was invented by Battelle (the first of its kind in the world) and it allowed Nielson to study the world's most powerful shape-memory alloy known as NiTi (i.e. nickel-titanium) in pure form. The results of his work eventually appeared in scientific journals after 1947, but certainly not before July 1947.

But here lies the crux of the problem: if the work to study shape-memory alloys with titanium as a major constituent was done after July 1947 and outside the USAF, how was it possible for the witnesses to have seen a shape-memory foil in action on the desert floor in New Mexico in early July 1947? What kind of secret military experiment was it? Clearly it was not one owned by the USAF, nor could it be secret enough since the work into the alloy continued and was published in scientific journals.

So who exactly made this alloy and the Roswell object? Surely it cannot be the USAF given the lack of knowledge it had about shape-memory alloys. And we know without a shadow of a doubt that it must be artificial given the high purity of the foil? And why does it remain so top-secret despite all the knowledge our civilian scientists have already gathered about NiTi and other shape-memory alloys after 1958?

It is clear at this stage that something strange was found in early July 1947 in the New Mexico desert. The alloy is only just the beginning. The real issue appears to be the bodies. There is something special about these bodies recovered by the USAF that has made it necessary to maintain secrecy to this day.

It is time we are told the truth about what was found all those years ago, and be upfront about it in the interest of science. If a momentous event did occur, and there is no reason to suspect that it wasn't, the world ought to know what was found.

In a nutshell, it effectively means game over for the USAF. There is no more pretending not to know, or hiding the fact through alternative explanations in the hope that people will not know. The evidence available to us means we have to see the Roswell object as foreign-made, and it has to be artificial due to the complexity in manufacturing highly pure NiTi or NiTi-X alloy (with NiTi being the major constituent) to reveal its shape-memory effect as reported by the witnesses. Whereas the word "victims" mentioned in General Ramey's secret memo must refer to the pilots and crew of the object. These are deceased individuals whose names remain a mystery after all this time (and we can be sure no dummies would be described as "victims", meaning the bodies that were found had to have been once alive prior to the crash). And given how difficult it was to manufacture the foil to such a high degree of purity to reveal the shape-memory effect, we can be sure whoever manufactured and piloted the Roswell object was not from the United States. And since no one in the world has come forth to take responsibility for the object and/or pilots, we are left with no option but to consider the exotic explanation as suggested by the original firsthand witnesses.

The scientific literature indicates that AuCd is a shape memory metal discovered in 1932. This is 15 years before Roswell. So doesn't this prove the Roswell case is man-made?

Not necessarily. For a start, AuCd is not tough enough to withstand the high temperatures of a blow torch or resist scratching and denting with a heavy sledgehammer as the military witnesses at Roswell AFB discovered. It means we are not dealing with AuCd. In fact, the only other shape-memory alloy discovered prior to the Roswell case is CuZn, but again this has the same problem as with AuCd regarding its lack of toughness properties. And neither alloy is of the dark-grey colour.

The type of shape-memory we are talking about in relation to the Roswell case must be a lot tougher. This is a degree of toughness in an incredibly lightweight and newspaper thin foil that was never seen by anyone prior to July 1947.

Then, all of a sudden, we find the right stuff by way of a titanium-based shape-memory alloy and, remarkably, of the right colour through NiTi thanks to formerly secret USAF/Battelle reports published just after 1947. And not just one, but up to four titanium-based alloys later identified by scientists as shape-memory alloys. A coincidence? Not likely considering the witnesses were clear about the shape-memory effect of the dark-grey Roswell foil. Furthermore, we know the USAF received this Roswell foil for analysis at Wright-Patterson AFB — the place that initiated the study into NiTi and other shape memory alloys after 1947. It means the effect cannot have been accidentally missed. So, the USAF must have known something about the shape-memory effect of alloys, and of the titanium variety (since it is the only thing the USAF focused on between 1948 and 1949, and we can understand why).

The problem is, the USAF has never officially released a report discussing its own secret work on shape-memory alloys just prior to the Roswell crash. Well, now we can understand why. The military could not have done the work. It did not even have the technology to make small smaples of a highly pure titanium-based shape-memory alloy, let alone have the knowledge to predict the existence of this type of alloy in the titanium family. Either they could not make it (and did not know a powerful and tough shape-memory alloy because there was no other equally powerful shape-memory alloy in existence at the time), or there is something incredibly secret about the alloy itself (except it must be seen as the lousiest secret ever kept from the public given the knowledge we have on shape-memory alloys today).

So which is it?

It is now looking like it is not the alloy itself, although any mention of it would put the USAF in a difficult position of explaining how it could have manufactured it by July 1947, and in large quantities. There is something else that was got the USAF so secretive about the Roswell incident, and it is not willing to say what it is. We suspect it has something to do the bodies and the nature of the flying object, which to the USAF was unfamiliar and not something it manufactured under any circumstances. In which case, who exactly manufactured this allow and the Roswell object?

What do you say to all those skeptics who believe the Roswell case is hogwash and is now "debunked"?

"Debunked" in a sense of a man-made secret military experiment? One thing about skeptics is that they do need to be careful about what they say when they choose not to look at all the evidence. And anyway, science is not about believing but rather looking at the evidence and making reasonable and informed decisions and probable explanations for what happened based on the evidence at hand.

If the skeptics took the time to read the SUNRISE book (and analyze it properly) and do some of their own research into shape-memory alloys at the time of the crash and made reasonable efforts to speak to the remaining witnesses, it may come as a surprise that the Roswell case is far from being "debunked". In fact, the mystery of Roswell and what happened in mid-1947 deepens dramatically when we look more closely at the Roswell foil observed by the witnesses.

When are dealing with something here that is not normal or based on any kind of man-made object. It is time that the world looks at this case more closely, because it is strongly indicating that a major event did take place, and the USAF has been doing all it can to hide this fact against the interest of science and the natural advancement of our understanding about the universe for the public.